Dawson Overland Trail
During the Klondike Gold Rush of the late 1800s, and for many years before and after, the quickest way to get from Whitehorse to Dawson City was via the Yukon River. In those days life in the territory was governed by whether the river was open or frozen. During the summer months numerous boats plied the route, but once winter set in and the river froze only experienced mushers and dog teams braved the journey. During the freeze up in early winter and again during the spring break up travel was very limited. Winter transportation was slow and costly, and the bitter cold along the way often reduced travel to a minimum.
During the winter of 1899-1900 the Canadian Development Company used dog teams to carry mail and light freight along the river between Whitehorse and Dawson City. It gradually replaced dogs with horses the following year. In 1901 the White Pass & Yukon Route Railway bought out the company in order to gain the lucrative government mail contract for its stern wheeler boats.
In 1902 the Yukon government contracted the White Pass & Yukon Route to build the first winter road between the two communities. Construction began that summer and the road was completed in November. It was 330 miles long – shorter than the river route by about 70 miles – and was built at a cost of $129,000 (equivalent to over $3,000,000 in 2015 dollars). This winter road between Whitehorse and Dawson City became known as The Dawson Overland Trail, and it marked the beginning of a new era of transportation in the Territory. For Dawson residents, it created a much-needed winter link to civilization. For the first time ever they were not cut off from the rest of the world for up to eight months of the year.
During the 1950s Whitehorse and Dawson City were connected via highway (First built as an extension of the Mayo Road, and today known as the North Klondike Highway), which effectively replaced the slow and rough Dawson Overland Trail. However, to this day most of the original route of the Dawson Overland Trail remains, and offers hardy travellers a challenging path back in time. Many artifacts and a few buildings remain along the trail as evidence of its history.
Unfortunately the Overland Trail has deteriorated in many places with large sections of swampy muskeg and several creek crossings that make travel difficult. Some sections are badly overgrown and others intersect with a variety of other trails. Travelers – especially inexperienced ones – risk getting lost, so it’s recommended that you only travel with someone who knows the trail well. Several large rivers make the complete journey impossible during the summer without water transport. The full trail is not an easy journey, but luckily there are some sections of it which are maintained and are suitable for day trips…
The Takhini River to Braeburn section is open for adventure. This section of the Trans Canada Trail is about 100 km long; starting at the staging area on the Takhini River Road, (near Takhini Hot Springs) and ending at Braeburn Lodge. Though the trail is generally marked and somewhat maintained, it is still very much a remote wilderness trail with little traffic and no services – a class 5 trail. Trail users must bring suitable supplies and equipment with them and always travel with someone who knows the trail well. Regular users of this trail include snowmobilers, mushers and skiers in winter and hikers, mountain bikers, horse riders and ATVers in summer.
At approximately the half way point on this section the K.S.A. has constructed a small warm up cabin. It offers a shelter with wood stove and bunk bed, and outside is a fire pit and picnic table. Anyone is welcome to use it as a place to stop, warm up and cook some lunch. However, please respect it by taking your garbage with you and leaving the cabin in good clean shape when you’re done. It was built entirely by volunteers using donated materials, and is unmaintained. How you leave it is how the next group will find it.
Professionally printed colour maps of the Dawson Overland Trail (and other areas) are available free with your K.S.A. membership – please ask for one. Also, the K.S.A. is now making a renewed effort to organize a yearly group ride from the Takhini River staging area to Braeburn and back. We generally do the trip some time in late February or early March. It is a full day’s ride, generally departing first thing in the morning and arriving back at the staging area late that evening. The K.S.A. will lead the way, but as it is a long ride through the wilderness, each rider is expected to be at least somewhat experienced at snowmobiling, and also to bring their own food, survival gear, extra gas, etc. For anyone is interested in joining us, please check our Events page for further details and updates…